MARIYCHUK, Ruslan – PORUBSKÁ, Jana – OSTAFIN, Marek – ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, Mária – ELIÁŠOVÁ, Adriana
In Applied Nanoscience. Vol. 10, iss. 12 (2020)
In the present work, we report, for the first time, the production of stable nanocolloids of highly monodisperse silver and gold nanoparticles (AgNPs and AuNPs) using phytosynthesis approach. With the aim to eliminate misinterpretations associated with the use of usually applied crude plant extracts, the presented study was focused on the use of polyphenolic fraction isolated from elderberry fruits (Sambucus nigra L.) for the synthesis. Obtained AgNPs and AuNP were characterized by UV–Vis and FTIR spectroscopy, DLS and TEM. We observed unexpectedly high capability of the natural polyphenols not only to form monodisperse nanoparticles but also to stabilise the concentrated nanocolloids (539 mg/L AgNPs and 739 mg/L AuNPs) for at least two years. Moreover, AgNPs showed strong antibacterial properties against pathogenic bacterial strains Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli (inhibited after 15 min and totally stopped growth after 3 and 5 h at 3.125 mg/L concentration).