• Electrochemical modified Pt nanoflower @ rGO for non- enzymatic electrochemical sensing of glucose

    Saravanan Gengan, R.M. Gnanamuthu, Sanjay Sankaranarayanan, Venumbaka Maneesh Reddy, Bhanu Chandra Marepally, Ravi Kumar Biroju

    Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, Volume 353, (2023)


    Since lower danger of biorecognition element degradation, enzymes-less glucose have the potential for more reliable in vivo activity, but it suffers due to lack of linear response and poor selectivity. We made attempt to improve selectivity, linear response and stability, environmentally benign electrochemical method adopted to fabricate Pt nanoflowers (PtNF) anchored on rGO modified GCE (PtNF-rGO/GCE). The PtNF-rGO/GCE electrode demonstrated good glucose electrooxidation in alkaline solution, with a linear range, sensitivity and detection limit are up to 3.5 mM, 335.5 μA mM−1 cm−1 and 53 μM (S/N = 3) respectively. The PtNF-rGO/GCE electrode is not only selective also inhibit interfering molecules like uric, dopamine, ascorbic acid. This allows for broadly sensitive, work at low-potential, stable, and quick glucose current detection, which is capable for the expansion of non-enzymatic glucose detectors.

  • Defective Graphene/Plasmonic Nanoparticle Hybrids for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Sensors

    Biroju Ravi K., Marepally Bhanu Chandra, Malik Pariksha, Dhara Soumen, Gengan Saravanan, Maity Dipak, Narayanan Tharangattu N., Giri Pravat K.

    In: ACS Omega 2023, 8, 4, 4344–4356, (2023)


    Two-dimensional–zero-dimensional plasmonic hybrids involving defective graphene and transition metals (DGR-TM) have drawn significant interest due to their near-field plasmonic effects in the wide range of the UV–vis–NIR spectrum. In the present work, we carried out extensive investigations on resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) from the various DGR-TM hybrids (Au, Ag, and Cu) using micro-Raman, spatial Raman mapping analysis, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and LSPR absorption measurements on defective CVD graphene layers. Further, electric field (E) mappings of samples were calculated using the finite domain time difference (FDTD) method to support the experimental findings. The spatial distribution of various in-plane and edge defects and defect-mediated interaction of plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) with graphene were investigated on the basis of the RRS and LSPR and correlated with the quantitative analysis from HRTEM, excitation wavelength-dependent micro-Raman, and E-field enhancement features of defective graphene and defective graphene-Au hybrids before and after rapid thermal annealing (RTA). Excitation wavelength-dependent surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and LSPR-induced broadband absorption from DGR-Au plasmonic hybrids reveal the electron and phonon interaction on the graphene surface, which leads to the charge transfer from TM NPs to graphene. This is believed to be responsible for the reduction in the SERS signal, which was observed from the wavelength-dependent Raman spectroscopy/mappings. We implemented defective graphene and DGR-Au plasmonic hybrids as efficient SERS sensors to detect the Fluorescein and Rhodamine 6G molecules with a detection limit down to 10–9 M. Defective graphene and Au plasmonic hybrids showed an impressive Raman enhancement in the order of 108, which is significant for its practical application.

  • Correlated reflectance and Raman spectroscopy in substrates with coherent transparent layers

    VANČO, Ľubomír – KOTLÁR, Mário – VRETENÁR, Viliam – KADLEČÍKOVÁ, Magdaléna – VOJS, Marian – VOGRINČIČ, Peter

    In Surfaces and Interfaces. Vol. 34, (2022)


    Intensity of Raman bands in substrates covered with transparent overlayers can be enhanced due to optical interference, leading to incorrect quantitative interpretation of Raman signals. If thickness and optical properties of the overlayer are known, correction can be done using appropriate models. We theoretically discuss and experimentally evaluate a model where thickness and refractive index of the overlayer remain unknown and determination of enhancement factor is possible via linear relationship to reflectance-related response of the whole structure. Correct interpretation of the spectra is then possible since refractive index and thickness of the transparent layer are implicitly introduced in the measured reflectance. For experimental evidence we exploit SiNx/Si and SiO2/Si structures to find a significant correspondence with the model, aiming toward correlative reflectance and Raman spectroscopy.

  • Synthesis of Sulfide Perovskites by Sulfurization with Boron Sulfides

    BYSTRICKÝ, Roman – TIWARI, Sameer K. – HUTÁR, Peter – VANČO, Ľubomír – SÝKORA, Milan.

    In Inorganic Chemistry. Vol. 61, iss. 47 (2022)


    Chalcogenide perovskites (CPs), with the general composition ABX3, where A and B are metals and X = S and Se, have recently emerged as promising materials for application in photovoltaics. However, the development of CPs and their applications has been hindered by the limitations of available preparation methods. Here we present a new approach for the synthesis of CPs, based on the sulfurization of ternary and binary oxides or carbonates with in situ formed boron sulfides. In contrast to the previously described approaches, the method presented here uses chemically stable starting materials and yields pure-phase crystalline CPs within several hours, under low hazard conditions. CP yields over 95% are obtained at temperatures as low as 600 °C. The generality of the approach is demonstrated by the preparation of CPs with compositions BaZrS3, β-SrZrS3, BaHfS3, SrHfS3, and EuHfS3. Mechanistic insights about the formation of CPs are discussed.

  • Raman spectroscopy of silicon with nanostructured surface

    KADLEČÍKOVÁ, Magdaléna – VANČO, Ľubomír – BREZA, Juraj – MIKOLÁŠEK, Miroslav – HUŠEKOVÁ, Kristína – FRÖHLICH, Karol – PROCEL, Paul – ZEMAN, Miro – ISABELLA, Olindo

    In Optik. Vol. 257, (2022)


    We compared the morphology and Raman response of nanoscale shaped surfaces of Si substrates versus monocrystalline Si. Samples were structured by reactive ion etching, and four of them were covered by a RuO2-IrO2 layer. Raman bands, centred at approx. 520 cm–1, belonging to samples processed by etching the Si surface have intensities higher by approximately one order of magnitude than those of reference non-etched samples. For nanostructured samples, the rise in the Raman signal was 12–14 × , which is in agreement with the model of the electric field at the tips of Si due to their geometry. This phenomenon is related to the high absorption of excitation radiation. Nanostructured surfaces of samples containing a layer of RuO2-IrO2 give rise to the phenomenon of surface enhancement of the Raman response most likely due to the charge transfer at the interface between silicon and conductive oxides. The nanostructured surface of Si without a metal layer behaves as a SERS substrate and detects the analytes at a low concentration.