Fahimeh Gholami, Arash Ghazitabar, Malek Naderi, Aylar Hoviatdoost, Delasa Ali Jani Ashna, Kiarash Ghazitabar, Bogumił Brycki, Viliam Vretenár
In: Surfaces and Interfaces, (2024)
In this study, N-doped cobalt-decorated graphene/carbon nanotube/cellulose microfiber composite aerogels were synthesised and used as oil sorbent. In the current approach, graphene aerogel nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes and cellulose microfibres were synthesised through a chemical reduction process using ascorbic acid and sodium bisulphite as reducing agents. Subsequently, N-doping was performed using ammonium treatment. The microstructure of these composites was characterised by field emission and conventional scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy measurements. The molecular bonding and composition of the composites were analysed using energy-dispersive spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The hydrophobicity of the composites was characterised by a water contact angle test. Finally, the oil sorption performance of the samples was evaluated through a self-design procedure based on a combination of ASTM F716 and 726 standards and Bazargan et al. report. The N-doped Co decorated graphene/carbon nanotube/cellulose microfiber sample with a GO:CNT:CMF mass ratio of 4:2:1 (CGCMF-24) demonstrated the highest hydrophobicity and oil sorption capacity in comparison with other samples. CGCMF-24 adsorbed up to 30, 44, and 54 g/g toluene, cyclohexane, and hexane, respectively. Meanwhile, the most durable adsorbent was CGCMF-24, with 74% durability after five sorption-desorption cycles, and it maintained this capacity for up to 10 cycles.