Degradation of Al4C3 Due to Atmospheric Humidity

NÝBLOVÁ, Daniela – BILLIK, Peter – NOGA, Jozef – ŠIMON, Erik – BYSTRICKÝ, Roman – ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, Mária – NOSKO, Martin

In JOM. Vol. 70, iss. 10 (2018)


The degradation of Al4C3 was investigated by exposing powder samples to atmospheric humidity at laboratory temperature for 150 days. Samples were monitored using powder x-ray diffraction analysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, thermal analysis, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Initially, the degradation resulted in an amorphous Al–O–OH network, which gradually recrystallized as low-crystalline boehmite (γ-AlOOH), and, later, partially, as Al(OH)3. Low-crystalline γ-AlOOH consisted of plate-like particles with diameter of 5 µm to 40 µm. The 020 diffraction position of γ-AlOOH was close to that of well-crystalline γ-AlOOH, which may be explained by accumulation of compressive stress along the b-axis of the γ-AlOOH structure.