Year: 2024

Oil Adsorption Behavior of N-doped, Co-decorated Graphene/Carbon Nanotube/Cellulose Microfiber Aerogels: A Comprehensive Investigation of Composite Component’s Effect

 

Fahimeh Gholami, Arash Ghazitabar, Malek Naderi, Aylar Hoviatdoost, Delasa Ali Jani Ashna, Kiarash Ghazitabar, Bogumił Brycki, Viliam Vretenár

In: Surfaces and Interfaces, (2024)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfin.2024.103936

Abstract

In this study, N-doped cobalt-decorated graphene/carbon nanotube/cellulose microfiber composite aerogels were synthesised and used as oil sorbent. In the current approach, graphene aerogel nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes and cellulose microfibres were synthesised through a chemical reduction process using ascorbic acid and sodium bisulphite as reducing agents. Subsequently, N-doping was performed using ammonium treatment. The microstructure of these composites was characterised by field emission and conventional scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy measurements. The molecular bonding and composition of the composites were analysed using energy-dispersive spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The hydrophobicity of the composites was characterised by a water contact angle test. Finally, the oil sorption performance of the samples was evaluated through a self-design procedure based on a combination of ASTM F716 and 726 standards and Bazargan et al. report. The N-doped Co decorated graphene/carbon nanotube/cellulose microfiber sample with a GO:CNT:CMF mass ratio of 4:2:1 (CGCMF-24) demonstrated the highest hydrophobicity and oil sorption capacity in comparison with other samples. CGCMF-24 adsorbed up to 30, 44, and 54 g/g toluene, cyclohexane, and hexane, respectively. Meanwhile, the most durable adsorbent was CGCMF-24, with 74% durability after five sorption-desorption cycles, and it maintained this capacity for up to 10 cycles.

Type-II CdSe/ZnO Core/Shell Nanorods: Nanoheterostructures with A Tunable Dual Emission in Visible and Near-Infrared Spectral Ranges

Anamul Haque, Filip Zechel, Viliam Vretenár, Mrinmoy Roy, Milan Sýkora

In: Adv. Funct. Mater. 2023, 2305296

https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202305296

Abstract

A synthesis and characterization of luminescent nano-heterostructures consisting of CdSe nanorod (NR) cores and a ZnO shell with up to three monolayers of ZnO is reported. The core/shell heterostructures show a tunable, dual photoluminescence (PL) in visible and Near Infrared (NIR) spectral ranges. Upon shelling the visible PL band attributed to the carrier recombination within the CdSe core shifts to lower energy by ≈0.05 to 0.15 eV relative to the bare CdSe NRs, due to a reduced quantum confinement. A NIR band, observed ≈0.4 – 0.5 eV below the PL energy of the CdSe core, is attributed to a type-II carrier recombination across the CdSe/ZnO interface. The total PL quantum yield (PLQY) in the brightest heterostructures reaches ≈20%, increasing ≈100-fold over the PLQY of the corresponding bare CdSe NRs. The average lifetimes of the visible PL in some heterostructures exceeds 100 ns, compared to ≈5 ns lifetime typical for bare CdSe NRs. The average PL lifetimes attributed to the type-II charge separated states exceed one microsecond. Strong NIR PL, tunable in the 800–900 nm spectral range and the long-lived charge separated state make the CdSe/ZnO core-shell NRs appealing materials for exploitation in applications such as bioimaging, photocatalysis and optoelectronics.

Cobalt-doped WSe2@conducting polymer nanostructures as bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting

Sadik Cogal, Gamze Celik Cogal, Matej Mičušík, Mário Kotlár, Maria Omastová

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, (2023)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.09.002

Abstract

Designing of high-performance, low-cost, and nonprecious metal-based bifunctional electrocatalysts is highly significant for the development of water splitting process and expanding the practical application of green hydrogen production. Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) with intrinsic physical and chemical properties have been considered potential catalytic materials for electrode fabrication. However, it has remained challenging to develop TMD catalysts that have bifunctional properties for overall water splitting. Herein, WSe2, as a typical representative of TMDs, was utilized to design electrocatalysts using polypyrrole (PPy) or polyaniline (PANI) as a conducting polymer (CP) and cobalt doping. A facile hydrothermal preparation of WSe2 in the presence of CP enabled the construction of cobalt-doped WSe2@CP electrocatalysts. Morphological analysis indicated that the CP played an important role as a conductive template to enhance the distribution of WSe2 nanosheets, leading to higher surface area. In addition, cobalt doping led to the formation of defect structures and boosted the electrocatalytic activities of the catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER).