MOTOLA, Martin – ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, Mária – KRBAL, Miloš – SOPHA, Hannah – THIRUNAVUKKARASU, Guru Karthikeyan – GREGOR, Maroš – PLESCH, Gustáv – MACAK, Jan M.
In Electrochimica Acta. Vol. 331, (2020)
In this work, a two-step treatment of TiO2 nanotube (TNT) layers towards enhanced photocatalytic performance is presented. TNT layers with a thickness of ∼7 μm and an average inner diameter of ∼190 nm were prepared via electrochemical anodization of Ti foil in a fluoride containing ethylene glycol-based electrolyte. To improve the photocatalytic activity of the produced TNT layers a two-step post-treatment was conducted. First, the inner shell of the native double-wall TNT layers was removed via a mild pre-annealing followed by a selective etching treatment of the inner shell in piranha solution yielding single-wall TNT layers. Second, reduction via annealing in H2/Ar atmosphere was performed. The resulting Ti3+ doped single-wall TNT layers possess 100% enhancement of photocatalytic activity compared to their non-treated counterparts.